Heavy fighter P-38А had very exotic three fuselage design.
In lateral fuselages landing gears and two turbocompressors were placed. The cabin of the pilot placed in a central nacelle, in the same place there was a nose shooting battery and the rack of a forward wheel.
It is necessary to notice, that it was a first-ever fighter with a nose wheel.
Prototype ХР-38 has made the first flight on January, 27, 1939.
After numerous adaptations in August, 1941 modification "Lightning" P-38D has gone to a small series (36 aircrafts).
The power plant. Two engines Allison, for the solution of problems of reaction of a propeller, engines rotated in the different sides, from here a designation of modifications - left / starboard engine.
Modification P-38H with engines V-1710-89/91 already had the automatic gills of an oil cooler allowing automatically to regulate temperature of oil.
Armament In a nose of an airplane was placed all shooting armament is allowed to exclude from a design synchronizers for shooting through a screw.
All during manufacture 10037 airplanes of this type, since "Model 22" have been made.
These machines successfully battled on all fronts where the American armies acted.
|Wing span, m
|2 X PE V-1710-111/113 Allison, hp
|Weight, kg: |
|Maximum speed, km/h
|Time to 6000m, min
|Service ceiling, m
|20-mm cannon and 4 X 12,7-mm machine guns in nose, underwing bombs, kg
- "Encyclopedia of military engineering" /Aerospace Publising/
- "American Warplanes of World War II" /under cor. David Donald/