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Fulmar

Shipborne Fighter

Fairey

Fairey Fulmar Mk.1 from 806 NAS, FAA, No H (N1877) 1940

Fairey Fulmar Mk.1 from 806 NAS, FAA, No H (N1877) 1940.

The Fairey Fulmar emerged in 1938 as an adaption to Specification O.8/38 for a two-seat Naval fighter, of the PA/34 day bomber. Differences included a small reduction in wing span, folding wings, deck-arrester gear, catapult points, modified cockpit canopy, Naval equipment and use of a 1,275 hp Merlin VIII. Armament comprised eight Browning 0.303-in (7.7-mm) guns in the wings and provision for a similar Vickers K gun in the rear cockpit. One P.4/34 prototype was converted to test features of Fairey Fulmar in March 1938.

Fairey Fulmar I: Total of 250 built for FAA, first flight being on January 4, 1940, with Merlin VIII engine. Entered service June 1940 with No 808 Sqn, and first operations Sept/Oct 1940 on Malta convoys. Equipped 14 front-line squadrons by end-1942 including one in Egypt and one in India; also operated as night-intruder from shore bases, including Malta, and as night-fighter with No 813 Sqn ori Russian convoys. One captured and operated by Vichy French forces at Dakar in 1941.

Fairey Fulmar II: As Fairey Fulmar I but fitted with 1,300 hp Merlin 30, Rotol propeller and tropical filters. One Mk I converted, first flown January 20, 1941, and 350 production aircraft delivered, ending February 1943.

Squadrons: 700, 726, 731, 733, 739, 740, 746, 748, 756, 757, 759-762, 766-769, 772, 775, 778-782, 784, 787, 787Z, 788, 789, 790, 792-795, 798, 800, 803-809, 815, 822, 827, 835, 879, 881, 884, 886, 887, 889, 893, 897.

Fairey Fulmar Mk.I
Crew 2
Dimensions
Wing span 14.14 m (46 ft 4 1/2 in)
Wing area 31.77 m2 (342 ft2)
Length 12.24 m (40 ft 2 in)
Height 4.27 m (14 ft)
Engine
One Rolls-Royce VIII 1,080 hp ( 805 kW)
Weight
Empty weight 3,955 kg (8,720 Ib)
Loaded weight 4,853 kg (10,700 Ib)
Performance
Max speed at altitude 2,745 m (9,000 ft) 398 km/h (247 mph)
Initial rate of climb: 366 m/min (1200 ft/min)
Service ceiling: 6,555 m (21,500 ft)
Flight time: 4 h
Armament
8x7.7 mm (.303 in) machine guns in the wing  

References

  • "Encyclopedia of military engineering" /Aerospace Publising/
  • "British warplanes of World War II" /under cor. Daniel March/

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