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Pe-8

Long-range Heavy Bomber

Petlyakov

The Pe-8 (No 42055, white «7») with M-30 engines. © Michael Bykov

The Pe-8 (No 42055, white «7») with M-30 engines.

TB-7 were under construction on an aircraft manufacturing plant in Kazan. In July 1941 from such airplanes have generated the first fighting connection under a command of known polar pilot Mikhail Vodopyanov, and in August, 1941 this connection has made a strike to Berlin. At fulfilment of this long-distance flight TB-7 had three tons of bombs, i.e. in some times it is more, than twin-engined distant bombers.

Because of the come to light unreliability of diesel engines on TB-7 began to set AM - 35À, crew of pilot Pusepa on such airplane in 1942 has delivered in the USA, and then back to Moscow the Soviet diplomatic mission led by Vyatcheslav Molotov.

After Vladimir Petlyakova death in 1942 airplane TB-7 have renamed in Pe-8. På-8 with AM - Ç5À under main flight performances practically did not concede to such known American bombers as Boeing B-16 and Boeing B-24 "Liberator", but had a little bit smaller altitude performance.

Only 93 airplanes TB-7 (Pe-8) have been constructed.

Long-range Heavy Bombers
TB-1 TB-3 TB-3 TB-7 (Pe-8) TB-7 (Pe-8) TB-7 (Pe-8)
Year of issue 1929 1933 1936 1940 1941 1942
Dimensions
Length, m 18 24.5 25.18 23.2 23.2 23.2
Wing span, m 28.7 39.5 41.02 39.13 39.13 39.13
Wing area, m² 115.8 230 234.5 188.6 188.6 188.6
Weight, kg:
Loaded weight 6720 17200 18700 26000 27000 27200
Maximum takeoff weight 7750 20000 21000 33500 35000 36000
Powerplant
Engine M-17 M-17 M-34RN M-40 AM-35A M-82
Power, hp 2x680 4x680 4x970 4x1500 4x1350 4x1700
Performance
Maximum speed, km/h at altitude 178 179 288 393 553 422
m 0 0 4200 5680 6360 5600
Service ceiling, m 4700 3800 7740 9200 9300 9500
Service range with normal bomb load, km 1350 2250 1960 5460 3600 5800
Armament
Bomb load, kg Normal 730 2000 2000 2000 2000 20000
Maximum 1200 4000 4000 4000 4000 4000
Defensive Armament Machine guns 6 6 4 7 4 4
Cannon - - - 1 2 2
Crew 4
Photo Description
Drawing Pe-8

Drawing Pe-8

Pe-8 # 42015 with AM-35A engines

Petlyakov Pe-8 # 42015 with AM-35A engines

Pe-8 «ON» No 42712 with ACh-30 engines

Petlyakov Pe-8 «ON» No 42712 with ACh-30 engines.

TB-7 Nr 42066 heavy bomber at Tealing in Scotland

On 29th April 1942 the western Allies got to examine closely the awesome TB-7 Nr 42066 heavy bomber when an example landed at Tealing in Scotland. The aircraft was bringing Vyacheslav Mikhailovich Molotov, Soviet Commissar for Foreign Affairs, to Britain to sign a treaty with his British counterpart, Anthony Eden. In late May, another TB-7 arrived at Tealing, this time transitting on to the USA on another diplomatic mission. Note the Hawker Hurricanes of 56 Operational Training Unit and a DH Hornet Moth in the background.

Philip Jarret collection

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References

  • "The history of designs of planes in USSR 1938-1950" /Vadim Shavrov/
  • "Heavy bomber Pe-8" /Michael Maslov/
  • "Planes of Stalin falcons" /Konstantin Kosminkov and Dmitriy Grinyuk/
  • "The Soviet planes" /Alexander Yakovlev/

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