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Pe-2

Dive Bomber

Petlyakov

The Pe-2 from 128th BAP, Spring 1942. © Michael Bykov

The Pe-2 from 128th BAP, Spring 1942.

In the late 30-s much work was underway on designing a new heavy long-range bomber for the Red Army Air Force. In this connection there arouse an urgent need for an escort fighter having the compatible range and speed that only a twin-engined aircraft design could provide. The development of such an air vehicle was entrusted to the design office headed by V.M. Petlyakov. The task was advantageously realised. The aircraft turned out to be a success. It contained a good deal of unique technological improvements for the USSR aviation. At the stage of evaluation high performances of the plane required a re-designing of the concept into the high -speed dive bomber.

That's how the dive bomber Pe-2, the most mass produced 2E aircraft (more than 11000 pcs. were manufactured) came into being. It left vivid traces on the history of WW-II.

Front Bombers
SB SB Pe-2 Pe-2 Pe-2FT Tu-2
Year of issue 1936 1939 1941 1942 1945 1943
Dimensions
Length, m 12.27 12.27 12.66 12.66 12.66 13.8
Wing span, m 20.33 20.33 17.13 17.13 17.13 18.86
Wing area, m² 56.7 56.7 40.5 40.5 40.5 48.8
Weight, kg:
Loaded weight 5732 6175 7540 7775 8405 10360
Maximum takeoff weight 6462 7750 8500 8715 8805 11360
Powerplant
Engine M-100A M-103 M-105P M-105PA M-105PF ASh-82PF
Power, hp 2x860 2x950 2x1100 2x1100 2x1210 2x1850
Performance
Maximum speed, km/h at sea level 371 375 452 434** 468 482/509*
at altitude 423 450 540 515 527 547
m 4000 4100 5000 4800 3900 5400
Service ceiling, m 9560 9300 8800 8000 8200 9500
Service range with normal bomb load, km 1900 1350 1300 1250 1220 2150
Armament
Bomb load, kg Normal 500 500 600 600 600 1000
Maximum 600 1600 1000 1000 1000 3000
Defensive armament Machine guns 4 4 4 4 5 3
Cannon - - - - - 2
Crew 3

* - Forcing of the engine during 10 minutes.

** - Decrease flight dimensions is caused by amplification of defensive arms.

References

  • "The history of designs of planes in USSR 1938-1950" /Vadim Shavrov/
  • "Planes of Stalin falcons" /Konstantin Kosminkov and Dmitriy Grinyuk/
  • "The Soviet planes" /Alexander Yakovlev/
  • "Dive bomber Pe-2" /arMada/

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