HomeCustom Search

Pe-2

Dive Bomber

Petlyakov

The Pe-2 from 40th Guards BAP of Black sea Fleet, Spring 1942. © Michael Bykov

The Pe-2 from 40th Guards BAP of Black sea Fleet, Spring 1942.

During the years of the Great Patriotic War, the Pe-2 aircraft found itself used in more applications than just the standard bomber models, and saw widespread use as a fighter, a trainer, and a reconnaissance aircraft as well. Long-range fighters fought over Moscow, and provided reliable air cover for the convoys of their allies as their ships headed towards the northern ports of the USSR. «Peshki» reconnaissance aircraft detected changes in the German forces' dispositions and defenses, and kept up a constant pressure on their airfields and railway links . Thousands of young airmen received their education in bombers while flying in the Pe-2 trainers. As the war dragged on, the design bureau kept up a constant effort in improving the flight technical and combat qualities of the Pe-2 aircraft. The most significant results came in 1944 with the creation of the Pe-2I, the concept of which was based in large measure on the ideas used in the well-known British Mosquito bomber. The Pe-2I, as well as the developed version of the aircraft, the Pe-2M, demonstrated significantly improved flying characteristics which completely satisfied the requirements during the concluding period of the war.

As a whole, the Pe-2 was completely successful as a multipurpose aircraft. It was able to should a tremendous load on it wings during four years of war.

In total 11202 bombers Pe-2 were built during 1941-1945.

Front Bombers
SB SB Pe-2 Pe-2 Pe-2FT Tu-2
Year of issue 1936 1939 1941 1942 1945 1943
Dimensions
Length, m 12.27 12.27 12.66 12.66 12.66 13.8
Wing span, m 20.33 20.33 17.13 17.13 17.13 18.86
Wing area, m² 56.7 56.7 40.5 40.5 40.5 48.8
Weight, kg:
Loaded weight 5732 6175 7540 7775 8405 10360
Maximum takeoff weight 6462 7750 8500 8715 8805 11360
Powerplant
Engine M-100A M-103 M-105P M-105PA M-105PF ASh-82PF
Power, hp 2x860 2x950 2x1100 2x1100 2x1210 2x1850
Performance
Maximum speed, km/h at sea level 371 375 452 434** 468 482/509*
at altitude 423 450 540 515 527 547
m 4000 4100 5000 4800 3900 5400
Service ceiling, m 9560 9300 8800 8000 8200 9500
Service range with normal bomb load, km 1900 1350 1300 1250 1220 2150
Armament
Bomb load, kg Normal 500 500 600 600 600 1000
Maximum 600 1600 1000 1000 1000 3000
Defensive armament Machine guns 4 4 4 4 5 3
Cannon - - - - - 2
Crew 3

* Forcing of the engine during 10 minutes.

** Decrease flight dimensions is caused by amplification of defensive arms.

References

  • "The history of designs of planes in USSR 1938-1950" /Vadim Shavrov/
  • "Planes of Stalin falcons" /Konstantin Kosminkov and Dmitriy Grinyuk/
  • "The Soviet planes" /Alexander Yakovlev/
  • "Dive bomber Pe-2" /arMada/

©Air Pages