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Glossary USSR Ilyushin Il-2 1941 Il-2 1942 Il-2 1943 DB-3 TsKB-54 DB-3T Il-4 Il-10 Photos & Drawings

Il-2 at 1941

Heavy Attack Aircraft

Ilyushin

The Il-2 from 'Valeriy Chkalov' squadron

The Il-2 from "Valeriy Chkalov" squadron.

The armoured ground attack airplane, Il-2 was a fighting vehicle unique to the Great Patriotic War, with no analogue in any other air force. More Il-2s were built by the Soviet Union than any other aircraft of the war (36163 units). The Il-2 attack airplane played an outstanding role in the war and had a significant effect on operations in the Soviet-German front.

Testing of the Il-2 attack airplane began in 1939. The Il-2’s test flight occurred on October 2, 1939, piloted by V.K.Kokkinaki. This plane was outfitted with an AM-35 1350 h.p. motor. The armoured outer shell of its streamlined form protected each of the plane’s crew and vital systems (motor, cooling, fuel).

English help by Peter Gunther

Attack Aircraft
Su-2 Il-2 Il-2 Il-10
Crew 2 2 2 2
Year of issue 1941 1942 1943 1944
Dimensions
Wing span, m 14.3 14.6 14.6 13.4
Length, m 10.25 11.6 11.6 11.12
Wing area, m² 20.0 38.5 38.5 30.0
Powerplant
Engine M-88 AM-38 AM-38F AM-42
Power, hp 1100 1600 1720 2000
Weight, kg:
Loaded 4345 5670 6180 6300
Maximum takeoff weight 4555 5870 6380 6500
Performance
Maximum speed, km/h at sea level 375 391 403 507
at altitude 467 416 414 551
m 6600 2350 1000 2800
Service range with normal bomb load, km 1190 740 685 800
Armament
Bomb load, kg normal 400 400 400 400
maximum 600 600 600 600
Armament Machine guns 5-6 2 3 3
Cannon - 2 2 2
Rockets 8-10 8 4 4
Grenades - - - 10

Photo Description

Drawing Il-2 1941

The TsKB-57 AM-38 (BSh-2 No 1) during manufacturer's fight tests. October 1940

The Il-2 AM-38 (BSh-2 No 2) armored attack aircraft during State acceptance trials in March 1941

The Il-2 with one pilot

References

  • "The history of designs of planes in USSR 1938-1950" /Vadim Shavrov/
  • "Planes of Stalin falcons" /Konstantin Kosminkov and Dmitriy Grinyuk/
  • "Planes of Ilyushin`s design bureau" /Genrih Novojilov/
  • "The Soviet planes" /Alexander Yakovlev/

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