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Glossary USSR Polikarpov I-5 R-5 Po-2 I-15 I-15bis I-153 I-16 I-16 type 5 I-16 type 10 I-17 I-180 I-185 I-190 VIT-2 TIS-A (MA) NB (T) Photos & Drawings

I-190

Fighter

Polikarpov

Polikarpov I-190

I-190 - last fighter - biplane repeating I-153, but with engine M-88 and with some design improvements. The airplane was intended for air fight, at a high manoeuvrability in a combination to high-speed fighters.

Design I-190 began only in the spring of 1939. The airplane was under construction in duplicate and structurally represented the further development of an airplane "Seagull" with use of its many units and aggregates. Changes in a forward part have been called by application of a new perspective two-row radial engine of the greater length. The fabric covering of wings has been replaced plywood. The form{shape} of wings and the stabilizer has changed.

Armament: four synchronous machine guns ShKAS with possible replacement on large-caliber BS, bombing loading of 200 kg.

The airplane has shown speed of 450 km/h at the altitude 7050 m and a ceiling of 12400 m.

I-190 last fighter - biplane with possible perfection, but already hopelessly out-of-date and not capable to compete to a fighter - monoplane.

1933-1939 Fighters-biplanes
DI-6 I-15 I-15 bis I-153 Chaika I-190
Crew 2 1 1 1 1
Year of issue 1937 1934 1937 1939 1940
Dimensions
Length, m 7.0 6.1 6.27 6.17 6.48
Wing span, m 10.0 9.75 10.2 10.0 10.20
Wing area, m2 25.2 23.55 22.5 22.14 24.83
Weight, kg:
Loaded weight 2038 1390 1700 1765 2320
Powerplant
Engine M-25B M-25 M-25B M-62 M-88
Power, hp 775 640 775 1000 900/1100
Performance
Maximum speed, km/h at sea level 334 315 327 364 375
at altitude 382 367 379 424 488
m 3000 3000 3500 5000 5000
Time to 5000 m, min 9.2 6.2 6.6 5.7 5.9
Time of turn, sec 11-12 9.0 10.5 13-13.5 -
Service ceiling, m 8300 9800 9300 10700 12400
Service range, km - 550 520 560 450/720
Armament
Machine guns 3 2 4 4 4

References

  • "The history of designs of planes in USSR 1938-1950" /Vadim Shavrov/
  • "Planes of Stalin falcons" /Konstantin Kosminkov and Dmitriy Grinyuk/

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