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Glossary USSR Polikarpov I-5 R-5 Po-2 I-15 I-15bis I-153 I-16 I-16 type 5 I-16 type 10 I-17 I-180 I-185 I-190 VIT-2 TIS-A (MA) NB (T) Photos & Drawings

I-153 «Chaika»

Fighter

Polikarpov

The I-153 from 71-st Fighter Wing of KBF Air Force  on which captain A.G.Baturin made fighting departures, spring 1942 © Michael Bykov

The I-153 from 71-st Fighter Wing of KBF Air Force on which captain A.G.Baturin made fighting departures, spring 1942

In spite of the fact that on the manoeuvrability and rate of climb I-15bis remained among the best airplanes of time, its speed became already insufficient. To the pilots struggled on I-15bis, it became difficult to struggle with more high-speed fighters - monoplanes, such as German Messerschmitt Bf-109 and Japanese I-97. air force more high-speed machine was required.

As if anticipating such situation, Polikarpov in 1937 has developed the project of a new fighter - biplane I-153. It represented further development I-15bis, but had improved aerodynamics, a reinforced design and retractable landing gear. The upper wing again has got the form "seagull", the same name was received also with a fighter ("Chayka").

In 1938 on tests I-153 has shown fine flight performances (at the same motor speed was increased at 41-45 km/h). Since 1939 began series production I-153. In the same year a fighter have started to equip with more high-power both high-altitude motor M-62 and a variable-pitch propeller that has improved flight performances of this airplane.

I-153 has not bad proved to be in air fights in Mongolia where had the superiority over the Japanese fighters. But nevertheless time of manoeuvrable biplanes has already passed. For the production fighters the scheme of a high-speed monoplane became prevailing.

the Soviet aircraft industry has constructed 3437 fighters I-153 (1939-1941).

1933-1939 Fighters
DI-6 I-15 I-15 bis I-153 Chaika I-16 type 5 I-16 type 24
Crew 2 1 1 1 1 1
Year of issue 1937 1934 1937 1939 1936 1940
Dimensions
Length, m 7.0 6.1 6.27 6.17 6.07 6.13
Wing span, m 10.0 9.75 10.2 10.0 9.0 9.0
Wing area, m² 25.2 23.55 22.5 22.14 14.54 14.54
Weight, kg:
Loaded weight 2038 1390 1700 1765 1590 1882
Powerplant
Engine М-25V М-25 М-25V М-62 М-25А М-63
Power, hp 775 640 775 1000 715 1100
Performance
Maximum speed, km/h at sea level 334 315 327 364 390 415
at altitude 382 367 379 424 445 470
m 3000 3000 3500 5000 2700 4800
Time to 5000 m, min 9.2 6.2 6.6 5.7 7.4 5.8
Time of turn, sec 11-12 9.0 10.5 13-13.5 14-15 17-18
Service ceiling, m 8300 9800 9300 10700 9100 9900
Service range, km - 550 520 560 540 440
Armament
Machine guns 3 2 4 4 2 4

References

  • "The history of designs of planes in USSR 1938-1950" /Vadim Shavrov/
  • "Planes of Stalin falcons" /Konstantin Kosminkov and Dmitriy Grinyuk/
  • "Fighter I-153 «Chaika»." /Michael Maslov/
  • "The Soviet planes" /Alexander Yakovlev/

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