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Glossary USSR Polikarpov I-5 R-5 Po-2 I-15 I-15bis I-153 I-16 I-16 type 5 I-16 type 10 I-17 I-180 I-185 I-190 VIT-2 TIS-A (MA) NB (T) Photos & Drawings

I-185

Fighter

Polikarpov

Polikarpov I-185

The plane has made the first start on June, 10, 1942, has successfully passed in June - October production tests, and in November, 1942 - January, 1943 - state tests. According to scientific research institute of the Air Forces, it was a fighter surpassing all fighters of the world of 1942, and besides perspective. It has been marked, that it is simple on technics of piloting and accessible to pilots of average qualification.

Essential feature of this fighter was unusually big specific loading on a wing - 240 kg / m2.

Flight performances of I-185 were exclusive: speed reached 680 km/h at height of 6100 m, on sea level 600 km/h (on a forcing), climb on sea level 20 m/sec. The plane was both high-speed and maneuverable. It was at us unique fighter lifting 500 kg of bombs. However by preparation of tests for range there was an accident from completely casual reason - the carburettor has got littered. Because of a stop of the engine at small height pilot V.A.Stepanchenok was lost.

Introduction of the plane in a series was braked, despite all efforts of Polikarpov as there was no mass engine M-71 and a plant for a series

Last Polikarpov`s fighters
I-180-1 I-180-2 I-180-3 I-185 (I) I-185 et.
Year of issue 1938 1939 1940 1941 1942
Dimensions
Length, m 6.79 6.79 6.88 8.10 8.05
Wing span, m 9.0 10.05 10.09 9.80 9.80
Wing area, m2 14.68 16.11 16.11 15,53 15,53
Weight, kg:
Empty weight 1710 1847 2020 2717 3130
Maximum takeoff weight 2331 2459 2638 3418 3825
Powerplant
Engine M-88 M-87B M-88R M-82A M-71
Power, hp 960/1100 950/1100 1000/1100 1330/1600 1625/2000
Performance
Maximum speed, km/h at sea level 435 408 455 549 600
at altitude 557 540 575 615 680
m 5000 5850 7000 6470 6100
Landing speed, km/h 120 130 130 155 150
Service Ceiling, m 10250 10250 11050 - -
Armament
Cannon and Machine guns 4xShkas 4xShkas 4xShkas 3xShVAK20 3xShVAK20
Bombs, ext., kg 200 200 200 4Х100 4x100

References

  • "The history of designs of planes in USSR 1938-1950" /Vadim Shavrov/
  • "Planes of Stalin falcons" /Konstantin Kosminkov and Dmitriy Grinyuk/
  • "The I-180, I-185" /Michael Maslov/
  • "War in air" /№ 70, 2001/

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