Aviation of WWII
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Glossary
Russian - English Glossary
ADD Aviation Dal`nevo Deistviya
- Long Range Air Arm
ATsN Agrerat Tsentralnovo Nadduva
- on-board independently-powered turbo-supercharger
A-VMF Aviatsiya Voenno - Morskogo Flota - Naval Air Force B Bombardirovochnik - as a prefih, bomber
BAP Bombardirovochny Aviatsionny Polk
- Bomber Air Regiment
BB Blizhnii Bombardirovshchik
- as a prefix, short range bomber
BBAP Blizhne-bombardirovochny Aviatsionny Folk
- Short Range Bomber Air Regiment.
BBS Blizhny bombardirovschik, skorostnoy - short range bomber, high speed
bis as a suffix, literally from the French or Latin 'again' or encore, more practically, a rethought or developed version, or even Mk.2. Designation used by only a few OKBs; e.g. MiG with their MiG-21 jet. BSh Bronirovanny Shturrnovik
- armoured attack aircraft,
cg Centre of Gravity. D Dalny - as a suffix, long range
DB Dalny Bombardirovshcik - long range bomber DDBSh Dvukhmotornyi Dalny Bronirovannyi Shturmovik - twin engined, long range armoured attacker
DIS Dvukhmotorny Istrebitel Soprovozhdeniya
- twin-engined escort fighter
DVB Dalny Vysotny Bombardirovshick
- long range, high altitude bomber.
GKAT Gosudarstvenny Komitet Aviatsionnoi Tekhniki
- State Committee for Aviation Equipment
GKO Gosudarstvenny Komitet Oborony
- State Committee for Defence.
GN Golos Neba - as a suffix, literally voice from the sky, psychological warfare GUAP Glavnoye Upravleniye Aviatsionnoi Promyshlennosti - Chief Directorate of Aircraft Industry.
HSU Hero of the Soviet Union. I Istrebitel - as a prefix, fighter, or literally 'destroyer' - see also I - Izdelie
I Izdelie - as a prefix, product, or item, used by an OKB to denominate an airframe prior to acceptance, see also I - Istrebitel IAP Istrebitelny Aviatsionny Polk - Fighter Air Regiment
IAS Inzhenernaya Aviatcionaya Sluzhba
- Engineering/Maintenance Service
KBF Krasnoznamenny Baltiisky Flot
- Red Banner Baltic Fleet
KhAI Kharkovskii Aviatsionny Institut
- Kharkov Aviation Institute
KOSOS Konstruktorskii Otdel Opytnovo Samolyotostroeniya
- Experimental Aircraft Design Section.
LB-S Legky bombardirovschik-sparka
- light bomber, two-seater
LII Letno-Issledovatel'skii Institut - Ministry of Aviation Industry Flight Research Institute
NAK Nochnoi Artilleriiskii Korrectovovshchik
- as a suffix, night artillery observation.
NB Nochnoi Bombardirovshchik - night bomber
NII Nauchno Issledovateryskii Institut
- scientific and research institute (of VVS)
NKAP Narodny Komissariat Aviatsionnoi Promyshlennosti - State Commissariat for the Aviation Industry - People's Commissariat for Heavy Industry.
NKVD Narodny Komissariat Vnutrennikh Del
- People's Commissariat of Internal Affairs, forerunner of the KGB
OKB Opytnoye Konstruktorskoye Byuro
- experimental construction bureau.
ON Osobogo Naznachueniya - as a suffix, personal assignment or special use. ORAP Otdel`ny Razvedyvatelny Aviatsionny Polk
- Independent Air Reconnaissance Regiment.
PB Pikiruyushchii Bombardirovshcik - as a suffix, dive bomber S Skorostnoy - as a prefix or suffix, high speed
SB Skorostnoy Boinbardirovschik - high speed bomber. SBB Skorostnoy Blizhniy Bombardirovschik
- high speed, short range bomber.
SDB Skorostnoy Dnyevnoi Bombardirovshchik
- fast day bomber
SFR> Skorostnoy photorazvedchik - high speed photographic reconnaissance aircraft.
ShAP Shturmovoy Aviatsionny Polk - Attack Air Regiment ShKAS Shpitalny-Komaritski Aviatsionny Skorostrelny - rapid-firing aircraft machine gun (designed by Shpitalny and Kornaritski).
ShVAK Shpitalny-Yladimirov Aviatsionnaya Krupnokalibernaya - large calibre aircraft cannon (design by Shpitalny and Vladimirov). SPB Skorostnoy Pikiruyuschy Bombardirovschik - high speed dive bomber, also denominate the TB-3/Polikarpov Zveno composite
T Torpedonosyets, as a suffix, torpedo T Tyazhelowooruzhenny - suffix, heavily armed
TB Tyazhyoly Bombardirovshchik - heavy bomber TIS Tyazhely Istrebitel Soprovzhdeniya - heavy escort fighter
TsAGI Tsentral'ny Aerogidrodynamichesky Institut - Central Aerodynamic and Hydrodynamic Institute
TsIAM Tsentral`ny Institut Aviatsionnogo Motorostroeniya
-Central Institute of Aviation Motors
TsKB Tsenlral'noye Konstruktorskoye Byuro - central, ie state, design bureau
VAP Vylivnoy Aviatsionny Pribor - literally pour out airborne unit, precursor of napalm tanks VI Vysotny Istrebitel - suffix, high altitude fighter
VIAM Vsesoyuzny Institut Aviatsionnykh Materialov
All-Union Institute for Aviation Materials.
VIT Vozdushny Istrebitel Tankov - anti-tank fighter
VR Vysotny razvedchik - as a suffix, high altitude reconnaissance fighter VS Voiskovaya Seriya - as a suffix, military series, re U-2/Po-2.
VVS Yoenno-vozdushniye Sily - air forces of USSR
Airframe and Engine Design Rureaux *
AM Alexander Mikulin Ar Arkhangelsky, Alexander
ACh Aleksei Charomskii ASh Arkadi Shvetsov
Gr Grushin, Pyotr Gu Gudkov, Mikhail (see also LaGG)
Il Ilyushin, Sergei La Lavochkin, Semyon
LaG Lavochkin and Gorbunov LaGG Lavochkin, Gorbunov and Gudkov (see also Gu)
MiG Mikoyan, Artyom and Gurevich, Mikhail Pe Petllyakov, Vladimir
Po Polikarpov, Nikolay - but only applied to the U-2, which became the Po-2 ASh Arkadii Shvetsov
Su Sukhoi, Pavel Ta Tairov, Vsevolod
Tu Tupolev, Andrey VD Viktor Dobrynin
VK Vladimir Klimov Yak Yakovlev, Alexander
Yer Yermolaev, Alexander  
USA - BRITISH GLOSSARY OF NOMENCLATURE
Accumulator - Pressure reservoir Battery - Accumulator
Check valve - Nonreturn valve Cotter pin - Split pin
Inverter - Motor generator (ac to dc) Lean mixture - Weak mixture
Life raft - Dinghy  
Lock washer - Spring washe Manifold pressure - Boost
(Inches of mercury above zero) Change of 2.036 inches 23.92 inches of mercury 50.2 inches of mercury (Pounds per square inch from 0 at sea level) Change of 1 pound boost 0 pounds boost 10 pounds boost
Oleo strut - Compression leg Piston pin - Gudgeon pin
Propeller - Airscrew Low pitch - Fine pitch
High pitch - Coarse pitch Reticle (gun sight) - Graticule
Radio mast - Rod aerial Snap roll - Flick roll
Stabilizer - Tail plane Tachometer - Revolution counter
Tow target - Drouge target Wrench - Spanner

* Accepted abbreviations to denote airframe (surname only used for the abbreviations) or engine design (first name and surname) origin within this volume are as follows.


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